Encouraging Private Sector Research for Tropical Agriculture
Agricultural needs in poor tropical countries differ significantly from those in temperate,
rich countries. Yet little agricultural research is performed on products for the tropics. Private
research is particularly concentrated in rich countries. This is a result of significant failures in the
market for research and development (R&D), in particular, the difficulty of preventing the resale ...
Expanding access to agricultural inputs in Africa: a review of recent market development experience
This paper asks: What can be done to expand input use in Africa? and Can it be done in a
manner that supports continued growth of private sector input markets? The precarious food
security situation in many African countries has prompted governments and donors to use
input distribution or credit programs as a means of rapidly increasing food supply for the
poor. These efforts, however, often ...
Farmer adaptation, change and 'crisis' in the Sahel
Perceptions of a continuing crisis in managing Sahelian resources are rooted in five dimensions of the Sahel Drought of 1972-1974 as it was understood at the time: crises in rainfall (drought), food supply, livestock management, environmental degradation, and household coping capabilities. A closer examination of household livelihood and farming systems shows that adaptive strategies have been ...
Ranking the adaptive capacity of nations to climate change when socio-political goals are explicit
The typical categories for measuring national adaptive capacity to climate change include a nation’s wealth, technology, education, information, skills, infrastructure, access to resources, and management capabilities. Resulting rankings predictably mirror more general rankings ofeconomic development, such as the Human Development Index. This approach is incomplete since it does not consider ...
Addressing human vulnerability to climate change: Toward a ‘no-regrets’ approach
This paper presents and applies a conceptual framework to address human vulnerability to climate
change. Drawing upon social risk management and asset-based approaches, the conceptual framework
provides a unifying lens to examine links between risks, adaptation, and vulnerability. The result is an
integrated approach to increase the capacity of society to manage climate risks with a view to ...
Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is likely to be one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate
change. This paper discusses the possible impacts of climate change in Bangladesh through tropical
cyclones, storm surges, coastal erosion and back water effect. The possible increase in cyclone fre-
quency in the Bay of Bengal, lying south of Bangladesh, due to climate change is looked at by analyz-
Impacts of climate change and sea-level rise on cyclonic storm surge floods in Bangladesh
This paper describes the impacts of sea surface temperature (SST) rise and sea-level rise (SLR) on
cyclonic storm surge flooding in western Bangladesh. A calibrated numerical hydrodynamic model was
used to simulate surge wave propagation through the rivers and overland flooding. The model was
calibrated with base condition (present climate), and then eight flooding scenarios of plausible ...
Vulnerability and adaptation to climate variability and water stress in Uttarakhand State, India
This paper presents a participatory approach to investigate vulnerability and adaptive capacity to
climate variability and water stress in the Lakhwar watershed in Uttarakhand State, India. Highly water
stressed micro watersheds were identified by modelling surface runoff, soil moisture development,
lateral runoff, and groundwater recharge. The modelling results were shared with communities in ...