Adaptive Capacity and Livelihood Resilience: ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES FOR RESPONDING TO FLOODS AND DROUGHTS IN SOUTH ASIA Part B

  • Change is inherent to the human context. Whether the need is catalysed by extreme events such
    as floods, droughts and economic collapse or more gradual processes of change in
    environmental, technological or economic systems, we survive via adaptation. Strengthening the
    adaptive capacity of populations at all levels from the local to the global is, as a result, among
    the most important challenges facing development. The results of our research point, among
    other things, to the critical importance of trans-boundary flows of information, funds, goods,
    services, ideas and often people in determining the adaptive capacity of local populations. The
    ability to adapt to local problems such as floods and droughts often depends on systems and
    flows that connect to regional and global levels. Understanding this and addressing the inherent
    implications for trade, migration and other sensitive global policy arenas is, perhaps, one of the
    most significant challenges facing society in the coming century.
    The Adaptive Strategies Project is the result of a unique collaboration between local grassroots
    organisations, regional non-government organisations (NGOs), academic institutions and
    international organisations working across South Asia. It represents an initial attempt to
    understand and disaggregate the factors which enable communities to adapt to floods, droughts
    and climatic variability by examining the courses of action households actually take during flood
    and drought events and locating the insights generated in a wider review of regional trends,
    government programmes and systems theory. Although focused on floods and droughts, many of
    the insights generated through the research have potential relevance for other contexts where
    livelihood systems are disrupted and adaptation is essential. Results of the study indicate that
    vulnerability and adaptive capacity in flood and drought contexts are heavily influenced by at
    least eight factors.

  • Marcus Moench and Ajaya Dixit

  • Book

  • 2004-06-00

  • 99946-30-05-9

  • South Asia